Bed bugs are known as the global problem and their food is only blood. It does not matter whether it’s the rich or the poor’s blood. Bed bugs are blood sucker insects, mature and nymphs (juvenile), both feed on a sleeping or seated person. These human blood sucking species of bed bugs are mainly found in North America, Europe and notable parts of the Asia. The alternative of human blood sucking bed bugs are rats/mice, chickens, bats, etc.
Repositioning of bed bugs from old day habitation to finest luxury hotels or incorporate accommodations is mainly because of global travelling and pre-owned furniture. Female bed bugs have the scope to lay 200-500 eggs during her lifetime. These eggs leave a trail of a glue-like substance that follows and allows the egg to become anchored or cemented onto the surface it is laid on. There are nymphal phases and each phase requires human blood before moulding to the next phase. The complete life cycle of bed bugs requires 5-16 weeks; however, this is dependent on the availability of human blood along with romantic temperature (21°C-27°C).
Worldwide, bed bugs feed at night, although hungry bed bugs may feed at any time. Bed bugs can live without blood 3 to 58 weeks, all subjected to humidity and temperatures. In one feeding episode which can last about 6-10 minutes, a bed bug is able to suck in blood six times its weight. Throughout the feeding process, bed bugs inject the saliva to the party giver and this saliva fabricates allergic reaction/itchiness/swelling. Everyone reacts to these bites non-identically. Why? Because 30% of population show no signs, marks, or any evidence at all.
To discriminate these bed bug bites from other pests such as fleas, mosquitoes, etc. is difficult and sometimes misleading. Periodically, mankind has shown hypersensitivity against carpet beetle larvae which is also very comparable to bed bug bites. It steers the humanity towards more confusion.